The official currency in the Czech Republic is the Czech crown (Koruna). Sometimes it is possible to pay with Euros but I wouldn't advise relying on this. ATM's can be found almost everywhere and most large places accept card payments but it is advisable to carry cash on you. The usual caution should be used when exchanging money in currency exchanges.
By Plane - Arrive In Vaclav Havel Airport, Prague, located 20km Northwest of the city centre. It consists of 3 terminals. Terminal one for flights arriving from outside the Schengen area, Terminal 2 for flights arriving from within the Schengen area and Terminal 3 for private planes. When departing you need to be clear on which terminal your flight will leave from. Prague airport is served by many carriers, including budget airlines such as Easyjet, Jet2, Ryanair, Smartwings and Wizzair. You can find more information on their website by clicking here.
Getting from the airport to the city centre - I would recommend by bus as this is by far the cheapest method although you will need some spare currency (ATM's are available in the airport). You can buy single, daily, 3 day or 5 day tickets from a kiosk inside the airport called Public Transport. Alternatively you can buy them from the ticket machine near the bus stops outside for 32kc or from the bus driver for 40kc. These tickets will last for 90 minutes once stamped. Do not forget to validate your ticket when you get on the bus by inserting your ticket into the yellow box with the green lit arrow. If a ticket inspector catches you, you will be fined. If you have a large piece of luggage you will need a separate ticket for that too (16kc). Catch the 119 or AE bus to Nádraží Veleslavín (terminus) and transfer to the green line (most common) or the 100 bus to Zličín (terminus) and transfer to the yellow Metro line. At night you can catch the 510 to I.P Pavlova (terminus).
By Bus - The main bus station is Florenc, located in Prague 8 next to both red and yellow Metro lines. The bus station is served by many bus companies arriving from many European cities. Bus companies include Eurolines, Polski Bus, Orangeways and Student Agency.
By Train - The main train station for international arrivals and departures is Praha hlavní nádraží (Praha hl.n) and has undergone a major refurbishment to combine old architecture with modern convenience. This is centrally located and situated on the red Metro line. There is no highspeed rail in the Czech Republic but it is nontheless well served from surrounding countries such as Germany, Austria, Poland and Hungary. Night trains also arrive from further afield. You can find more information on the Czech railway website here.
Two websites you may find useful for public transport include the Prague transport website DPP and IDOS, useful for transport times outside of Prague.
By Taxi - By far the most comfortable way is by taxi, but with the rise of Uber, this has become one of the most controversial transportation of late. Taxis do have a reputation for overcharging unassuming tourists so personally, I recommend using Uber, Taxify or Liftago. They are usually much cheaper and you can choose them by their ratings. Use my discount codes to get free rides.
Use my invite code, HGCWK, and get a free Taxify ride up to -150 CZK. Redeem it at https://invite.taxify.eu/HGCWK
Here is CZK100 for your 1st taxi ride with Liftago app. Get it at https://www.liftago.com/invite/LAUREN... and insert discount code: LAUREN94167
I'm giving you a free ride on the Uber app (up to Kč100). To confirm, use code 'laurens38712ui' to sign up. Enjoy! Details: https://www.uber.com/invite/laurens38...
For the more traditional of visitors, both Taxi Praha and FIX taxis have contracts with Prague Airport and will take you to your destination and you can pick one up outside or they have a kiosk within the airport for more information. Be warned, they do have a nasty habit of overcharging you. However, what most people won't know is there are much cheaper taxi companies if you book in advance or book when you land and they'll come and pick you up. My favourites are Kuryr Taxis (00420 241 090 090) or Nejlevnejsi Taxis. (00420 226 000 226).
Public transport in Prague is excellent. You have the underground Metro, trams and buses all of which are frequent and reliable. The DPP site link given above will help you plan your journey and give you the journey times. It is available in Czech, English and German. IDOS is also a great app for planning your journey. There is also a funicular up to Petřín hill that can be used with a regular transport ticket. Tram and bus times are all posted on the stops and run from approximately 4:30am till midnight after which there is some night buses and trams. An interesting fact is that all night trams run through a central exchange of Lazarská street in the centre. If you are unsure where to catch your night tram, it will be guaranteed stop there.
Walking is also a great option. Prague is a very walkable city. However, be careful when crossing at pedestrian crossings, cars often don't stop! Also, please note that crossing on a red light is illegal in the Czech Republic, you can be fined up to 1000kc. Also, a lot of Prague's walkways consist of cobbles, not good for the elderly, infirm or your shoes! Sensible walking shoes are advised.
Prague Castle - Allegedly the biggest castle in the world, Prague Castle is located in the Hradcany part of Prague and has excellent views over Prague.
Charles Bridge - Built in the 14th century, this bridge connects the Old Town to the Lesser town and is usually packed with tourists. Beautiful but busy!
Old Town - Exhibiting Prague's most beautiful and historic architecture, you can find both the Astronomical Clock and Tyn Church. The Old Town Square serves as a great photography spot and meeting place for many of Prague's tours. In Summer it is sprawling with outside cafe's, in Winter the beautiful winter markets appear.
Josefov - The Jewish Quarter of Prague boasts the oldest active synagogue in Europe, the Jewish Cemetary and Kafka's house. This is also the rumoured final resting place of the Prague Golum!
New Town - Here is the more modern Wenceslas Square. At the top you will see the National Museum, and there are many shops, cafes and clubs to choose from.
Lesser Town - Otherwise known as Mala Strana. This can be reached from the Old Town by crossing Charles Bridge. There you can find Petřín Hill, and it's tower, known as the mini Eiffel Tower. and the tower, access is by the funicular. There is also a communism memorial and Lennon wall.
Prague Dancing House - Arguably one of the most interesting buildings in Prague, it's unusual design attracts lots of visitors.
Troja - By far my favourite place in Prague. You can get there by taking the red Metro line to Holesovice, then the bus 112 to the terminus. Here you can enjoy Prague Zoo, Troja Chateau, the botanical gardens and a beautiful vineyard. With it's elevated position it commands spectacular views of Stromovka park, the Vltava river and Prague beyond.
Zizkov TV Tower - Located in the Zizkov (Praha 3) region of Prague, this controversial building was built in 1985. You can see it from most viewpoints in Prague and is considered an eyesore by many people. Here you can also see an example of artist David Cerny's work, several babies climbing up the side of the tower!
Prague Giant Metronome - Located in Letna Park (Praha 7) this replaced the previous huge Stalin monument placed there during the Communist era.
Lunch is the main meal of the day in the Czech Republic. If eating between 11am and 2pm on a weekday ask for a daily menu (denni menu) which is often a cheaper price set menu, however the usual menu will also be available during these times.
Common food found in the Czech Republic often consists of pork and chicken with side dishes including potatoes, dumplings and chips.
Watch for the bill when you receive it as hidden charges can be applied. A 10% tip or rounded up bill will usually suffice but if i'm unhappy with the bill and they refuse to change it I will not tip. An extra beer or two has appeared on my bill once or twice too which I have refused to pay for in the past. If the bill is handwritten and illegible, do ask for them to explain it.
Light options are almost always available and typically involve sausage, grilled or pickled, marinated or fried cheese, and salads. Do try these, they are a great option if you don't want something large.
If fast food is more your thing the usual big chains are available but what is the point in that? Get a hot dog or fried cheese in a bun with mayonnaise. Turkish kebabs have become popular here in recent years too.
Prague is very popular for beer. Choose from the popular Staropramen, Gambrinus (my favourite), Budvar or Pilner Urquell. You can be adventurous and try more though! Beer is famously cheaper than water in Prague although the gap is somewhat tightening these days! Expect to pay more for a coke still though. Beers are served in half litre glasses rather than pints and have a considerably bigger head than you are no doubt used to in the West. Do not complain about this, you will get laughed at. In fact I once took part in a beer pouring competition here and got laughed at as they said it looked like 'an English beer', due to it's lack of white topping! Needless to say I lost!
There are many tea and coffee houses in Prague which are a good alternative to alcohol if you so wish.
There are literally hundreds of hotels, hostels, apartments and guest houses available in Prague. Cheaper options can include couchsurfing and Air BnB which are popular amongst younger groups of people in Prague. It is advisable to book your accommodation in advance. Prices range from free to 100's of Euros a night depending on your budget. Boat hotels are another option for a different experience.
I often use Airbnb when travelling and love it. If you sign up using this link, you'll get a £25 reward to spend on your first stay! Get your reward now: https://abnb.me/e/G7YnMcJYVQ
Prague is a relatively safe city by most standards (the 6th safest country in the world in fact!) and violent crime is extremely low, however please exercise the same caution as you would back home.
A useful tip is that if you are unsure of your location, find the nearest lamp post. It will have a number on it that you can give to emergency service to enable them to pinpoint your exact location. Emergency numbers are easy to remember, the general number across the E.U is 112 and guarantees English speaking operators. However, you can also call individual emergency services. 158 is the police (the 8 resembles handcuffs), 155 is for an ambulance (the 5 resembles a wheelchair) and the fire service is 150 (the zero represents a curled up firehose).
Pickpocketing is a problem in Prague but using your common sense will help to prevent this from happening to you. Keep your valuables safe and don't put them in your back pocket or somewhere easily targeted. Do not fall asleep on public transport or pickpockets will target you. Many use children to do their pickpocketing as they are not liable under Czech Law.
Be careful with taxi drivers, a lot over charge, some ridiculously. Never just pick one up in the street, use one of the companies I list above or even better, Uber, Liftago etc. They are cheap and reliable, I have never had any issues with them, and never waited longer than 5-10 minutes for one.
Beware of people trying to sell you things in the centre, especially Wenceslas Square. If you are offered drugs you are unlikely to be sold anything other than headache tablets or bush clippings so don't be stupid!
Prostitution is often on offer in Prague, quite often they will rob you at the same time so just stay away to be safe.
To be honest if you are in Prague for prostitution and / or drugs I have no sympathy if you are robbed anyway so on your head be it!
If it seems too good to be true it often is, so bear this in mind.
Fraudulent ticket inspectors have been known to frequent tourist areas. If you are asked for a valid ticket they should show you their badge, If they refuse to show it to you when asked, threaten to call the police, they will back off. Official inspectors will also be able to produce I.D on request too.
Homelessness and begging has long been a problem in Prague however they will rarely bother you, only perhaps asking for a cigarette. I have never seen anyone homeless cause a scene in Prague.
As a final note, Czech law requires everyone carry I.D. In the case of foreigners you need to carry your passport with you at all times, again, you can be fined for not adhering to this law.
^^^ Show me some love here! ^^^